THE vitamins they are essential compounds in our dietwhich have an impact on physical and mental health. In this sense, an unhealthy diet leads to vitamin deficiency diseases.
When we talk about food, somehow, we take more account of the product than of the substances it contains. Hence the question: what if there are not enough vitamins?
Vitamin deficiency can cause diseases such as rickets, osteomalacia, beriberi, pellagra, scurvy, xerostomia and night blindness, depending on which vitamin is missing.
Vitamin deficiency diseases
you know they exist 13 kinds of vitamins in total and all correspond to a group of organic compounds that act together with enzymes and are part of the body’s metabolic processes, describes Better with health.
Although they are considered micronutrients, they are vital in the diet. And when your absence continues over time, the possibility of developing health problems increases.
Some of them, much more than relevant to pay attention to. Hence the importance of always consult a doctor before making a personal decision or starting treatment.
Vitamin A deficiency – Visual disturbances
THE vitamin A deficiency relates to poor eyesight.
In particular, it causes dry eyes or xerophthalmia, which over time can progress to night blindness.
“Some symptoms are infections, cold or flu, dry skin and eyes, anemia and difficulty seeing night vision. In severe cases it can cause night blindness and xerophthalmia”spreads Your Saude.
For this reason they recommend consuming foods that contain precursors, such as carotenoids. And they are obtained through certain foods:
- fish like salmon
- dark green leafy vegetables
The daily recommendation for this nutrient depends on your age and gender. As expressed in Higher Institute of Health values for adults are 900 micrograms in men and 700 in women.
Anemia and vitamin B12 deficiency
There is sort of anemia, called perniciouswhich is caused by the shortage of vitamin B12 or cobalamin.
The substance in question contains within it cobalta mineral needed for the production of red blood cells.
Since it is synthesized only by bacteria, its intake in humans is determined by the consumption of foods of animal origin. In this way, people with a vegan or vegetarian diet can suffer from this problem.
According to entities like National Institutes of Health (NIH)the daily recommendation for cobalamin for adults of both sexes is 2.4 micrograms per day.
It can be covered with supplements, especially in those with a plant-based diet.
Skin lesions due to lack of vitamin C
THE vitamin C deficiency It can cause bleeding gums and slow wound healing. But in
However, many years ago, science discovered that, in advanced ages, it generates a disease called scurvy, which causes anaemia, bleeding gums, bruising and poor wound healinghe claims Mayo Clinic.
This condition generates fatigue, joint pain and skin lesions. Second Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nationsits prevalence is rare since the importance of the intake of this nutrient is known.
Foods That Contain Vitamin C:
- Citrus fruits such as oranges and grapefruit
- red and green peppers
A safe option to supplement your diet is the use of supplements.
Bone fragility due to vitamin D deficiency
One of the functions of vitamin D in the body is to maintain bone health through proper absorption of calcium. When there is not enough, diseases such as rickets and osteomalacia.
In people, this substance is formed when the skin is exposed to ultraviolet rays of sunlight.
It can also, of course, be obtained from foods of animal origin such as eggs, milk and meat, even if only 10%.
Neurological defects and folic acid (vitamin B9)
The contribution of folic acid or vitamin B9 in pregnant women it prevents neurological defects in the fetusmark some studies.
With supplementation, there are more beneficial effects such as the prevention of congenital heart disease and oral clefts.
Dark green leafy vegetables, liver and kidneys are foods that provide this vitamin. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), those trying to get pregnant, up to 12 weeks of gestation, should take 400 micrograms of folic acid per day.
Intestinal diseases due to vitamin E deficiency
THE vitamin E deficiency It is usually very rare and can occur in underweight children or in people with certain problems absorbing fat from food.
It happens in cases of diarrhea and other intestinal diseasessuch as celiac disease and pancreatitis, as this vitamin needs fat from food to be absorbed by the body, says the site Your Saude.
Its deficiency in the body can lead to alterations in some nerves of the body, causing tingling in the extremities, muscle weakness and vision problems.
Supplements and foods rich in this vitamin, such as vegetable oils, sunflower seeds, oats, wheat germ, whole grains and nutsthey are important for increasing the levels of this vitamin in the body.
Mary Ortiz is a seasoned journalist with a passion for world events. As a writer for News Rebeat, she brings a fresh perspective to the latest global happenings and provides in-depth coverage that offers a deeper understanding of the world around us.