President Gabriel Boric. His brother was attacked in the middle of the street. Photo by AP / Esteban Felix
A group of strangers attacked with shots this Thursday in Simone Boricobrother of the Chilean president, Gabriele Boric, on the outskirts of the University of Chile, in the center of Santiago.
“We have discovered this situation, we find it very serious. The president is aware and as soon as we have more details we will give more specific information. We repudiate this aggression against four officials of the University of Chile, “said the Minister General Secretary of the Presidency, Giorgio Jackson, of the La Moneda Palace.
As published on its website by the newspaper Mercurythe event was recorded at the Central House of the University of Chile, in Alameda, where a group of young people beat the professional, who was also kicked on the ground.
The university has indicated through a statement that there are also three other officials who have been attacked. The clashes would begin after one of them augmented some subjects who were trying to do so loot a nearby place.
“The events took place on the outskirts of this building of the University of Chile, after one of them reprimanded them for an attempted looting of a nearby restaurant, which involved the other three people who came out in their defense. Who was more hit was transferred to a health center to check for injuries “, the university specified.
After the attack, Boric went to a health center to check for injuries. For the fact, the Carabineros arrested three people aged 20, 22 and 32.
The incident occurred in the middle of a day of excesses that Santiago lives near the National Institute, where a group of hooded men in white overalls has settled incendiary barricades, which caused traffic cuts and the action of police officers who acted with water spray from cars.
Chile, grappling with a historic plebiscite for a new Constitution
In turn, the attack on the Chilean president’s brother took place a few days before historical plebiscite scheduled for Sunday 4 September, where the Chileans will decide whether to approve or reject the constitutional proposal.
The draft Constitution determines a “social and democratic rule of law” in contrast to that inherited from the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990), which left education, health and other social issues in the hands of the market.
The proposal prepared in recent months consists of 178 pages, 388 articles and 57 transitional regulations, on which more than 15 million voters must vote this Sunday: “I approve” or “I decline”.
If the new constitutional text is approved, the rights and norms will be subject to the drafting of laws in Congress.
After the social outbreak of October 2019, origin of the constituent process, the majority supported the call for a change in the model which favored the hyper-liberal economic policies protected by the 1980 Constitution.
Main changes in the proposed new Constitution
The proposal describes Chile as a “social and democratic rule of law”, which must provide goods and services to guarantee people’s rights.
On the contrary, the 1980 Constitution states that the state must “contribute to creating the social conditions” for people’s fulfillment but cannot participate in any entrepreneurial activity.
The current Constitution divides the Congress between the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The latter can “refine” the work of the deputies.
The proposal eliminates the Senate and creates two chambers of “asymmetrical” power: a Congress of Deputies for the formation of laws and a Chamber of Regions only for those “with regional convention”.
Its detractors believe it poses a veto danger over the opposition and will bring instability.
The draft Constitution proposes a National universal health systema central issue in society, where the majority of the middle class pays high costs for health services because the current law allows people to allocate all their contributions to the private sector.
The new text proposes that compulsory health contributions go to the public system and that private insurance be allowed. His detractors believe that this proposal will eventually bring down the public health system.
In pensions, the Constitution of 1980 provides that the State must guarantee uniform basic benefits granted by public or private bodies. The proposal voted on Sunday proposes a Public social security system, funded by workers and employers.
The proposed Constitution establishes the Right to decent housing and states that the state must ensure that this includes basic services, an adequate location and sufficient space, which aims to regulate social housing and the construction of so-called vertical ghettos, buildings with hundreds of apartments, cramped and where people live together in overcrowding
In addition, the proposal plans to solve the problem of access to housing as property or for rent, in a country with a deficit of more than half a million homes, which has been increasing since 2015, according to state pollster Casen.
The 1980 Constitution protects “the life of the unborn”, although Chile decriminalized abortion in 2017 for three reasons.
The influential feminist wave has managed to include the right to a “Voluntary termination of pregnancy”, which, if approved, would place Chile at the forefront of the world in this matter. The law will regulate the exercise of these rights.
The 1980 Constitution makes no reference to original cities, which represent 12.8% of the Chilean population. The new text proposes the autonomy of indigenous peoples, recognizing 11 peoples and nations, but does not allow an attempt against the “unique and indivisible” character of the state of Chile.
Among the most controversial points is the recognition of indigenous legal systems, even if it specifies that it must respect the Constitution, international treaties and that the Supreme Court will have the last word.
The new text offers a forte environmental approach, qualified by international experts as a pioneer in the recognition of the rights of nature, animals and water protection as a human right.
If approved, it will be the first Magna Carta in the world drawn up in a joint convention and defining Chile as “equal democracy” where women will occupy at least 50% of the powers and organs of the state.
The proposal aims to ensure the conditions for the development of all people and the overcoming of stigmas for patients with mental illness, including the rights to an independent life in favor of neurodiversity and neurodivergents.